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Mashan Mountain

Mashan Mountain is located in Changqing District, Jinan City. It is bordered by Mount Tai in the east, the Yellow River in the west, Qufu City in the south, and Jinan City in the north. The main peak of Mashan Mountain is 512.3 meters above the sea level, regarded as the "Three Mountains" together with Mount Tai and Wufeng Mountain.
Mashan Mountain is named after its shape which looks like a lying horse. The Mashan Mountain is steep and majestic. The uphill steps are very steep. There are thick cypress trees along the way. The soil in the mountain is reddish red, with many strange stones.
Since the ancient times, on every March 3rd of the lunar calendar, the people around Mashan Town went to Mashan Mountain for a few days to join the big fair and pray for blessings. The customs have a history of nearly a thousand years.
There are steep cliffs on the mountain, with towering ancient trees, dense forests and beautiful natural scenery. There are ancient buildings built during the Spring and Autumn Period, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties. The Great Wall of Qi, which was even over 490 years earlier than the Great Wall of Qin. It stretches for over 30 kilometers, and it is the longest section of the Great Wall Qi in Shandong Province.
The medicinal resources are unique on Mashan Mountain. The wild Ganoderma lucidum, wild ginseng, Polygonum multiflorum, honeysuckle, wild chrysanthemum and Bupleurum spread all over the mountain. There are two pools on the bluestone at the top of the mountain. The water is clear and sweet.
At the end of the Qing Dynasty, there were the Lingguan Temple, Fengshihou Temple, Tianwang Temple, Bell Tower, Houtu Temple and Bixia Yuanjun Temple on the mountain from north to south. The exact built years are unknown. Now the buildings are in ruins over the years but only left beautiful and colorful mountain views. 
There is a Tongming Cave in the mountain, which is about 1.5 kilometers long. It is very rugged. On the west side of the cave, there was the Mawan Temple, which was once a place where the Taoist priests lived. Mashan Mountain is also one of the birthplaces of the Dafeng Mountain Anti-Japanese Guerrilla Group. It is not only a famous scenic tourist attraction, but also a revolutionary memorial venue.

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