Built in 1372, the Jiayu Pass is one of the best-preserved passes in China as well as the largest pass of the Great Wall. It is located on a strategic passage of the ancient Silk Road at the western end of the Hexi Corridor in today's Gansu Province.
The snow-covered Qilian Mountains spread for hundreds of miles to the south, and the Dragon's Head (Longshou) and the Horse's Mane (Mazong) mountains rise to its north. It takes the name from Jiayu mountain ranges, which mean "beautiful valley".
With a wall of 733 meters in circumference and 11.7 meters in height, the pass occupies an area of more than 33,500 square meters (eight acres) and lies at the base of a narrow valley. Its eastern and western gate towers both rise 17 meters, symmetrical in structure and majestic in appearance.
It is a square structure divided into three concentric layers: the central area is made up of an inner city, containing the largest of the pass' buildings; an outer city section, surrounded by a large wall dotted with watchtowers, turrets, and high-terrace pavilions; and finally, for purposes of defense, a moat.
Location: 6 km west of the city proper.
Transportation: Take bus no.4 or no.6 to the terminal station, and walk to the ticket office. The two bus lines both operate from 7:00 to 20:00 and costs CNY 1. If you want to visit the First Fire Tower and the Overhanging Great Wall all together, it is recommended to charter a minibus from the city. It would cost CNY 150~180/per bus.
Ticket: From May to October: CNY 122
From November to April: CNY 102
Opening hours: From May to October: 8:30 – 20:00
From November to April: 8:30 – 18:00