Baiyun Taoist Temple locates at the south bank of Yellow River, near the Zhongshan Bridge in Lanzhou. Baiyun Taoist Temple is an important holy place for Taoists, which is also the official base of the Taoist Associations of Gansu. As one of three famous temples in Lanzhou, Baiyun Taoist Temple was first built in 1837 during the Qing Dynasty.
History of Baiyun Taoist Temple
Baiyun Taoist Temple was built by the magistrate of Gansu Province, in order to commemorate the legendary immortal Lv Dongbin, the most well-known figure among the Eight Immortals.
According to the history, Patriarch Lv was seen traveling by the Yellow River during Eemperor Jiaqing's reign period in Qing Dynasty. Local intellectuals intended to build a temple dedicated to the worship of Patriarch Lv, so they appealed to the local governor. The plan was approved and later local government started to raise the fund.
The construction work of the temple lasted for 4 years. The temple was called the Baiyun Temple, or Immortal Lv's Temple. The temple was also recognized officially as the biggest Taoist temple in Lanzhou during Qing dynasty.
Baiyun Taoist Temple Nowadays
Nowadays, Baiyun Taoist Temple is still a popular place for worship. Many monks here still wear in the Taoist clothing and keep the traditional Taoist styled hairstyles.
Entering the main gate people will see a statue of Lv Dongbin and another statue of the Jade Emperor, the Supreme Deity of Taoism.
According to the historical records, the original Baiyun Taoist Temple was symmetrical along the middle axis in the layout. From north to south, the building complex includes Main Gate, East and West Wanghe Tower, Opera Tower, Yunshui Hall, Bell and Drum Tower and Worship Hall. At the back of the temple, the garden, Baxian Pavilion, Helu Pavilion and Juxian Pavilion stand in line. Then there are Juxian Tower, Fei Xian Bridge and other buildings, with a total area of about 30 acres. After the wars and changes, only three main halls, Bell and Drum Tower, Opera Tower, and East and West Wing Rooms were remained and preserved today.
The Opera Tower is the only remaining ancient opera house in Lanzhou. The tower faces to south, and the floor was made of pines. The gate is below the stage with unique construction style and high appreciation values.