Jingdezhen is situated on the eastern bank of the Yangtze River in the northeastern Jiangxi Province. Jingdezhen is known as the "Porcelain Capital" because it has been producing pottery for 1,700 years. The city has a well-documented history that stretches back over 2,000 years. Jingdezhen's porcelain has been famous not only in China but also in the world. The porcelain is known for "as thin as paper, as white as jade, as bright as a mirror, and as sound as a bell".
During the Han Dynasty, Jingdezhen was known as Xinping. Historical records show that it was during this time that people in Jingdezhen began to make porcelain. Xinping then was renamed Changnanzhen during the Tang Dynasty, due to its location at the south bank of the Chang Jiang. In the year of 1004 during the North Song Dynasty, it was renamed again as Jingdezhen. During the Ming and Qing Dynasty, Jingdezhen was considered as one of China's four great towns in terms of commercial and industrial importance.
Jingdezhen City is not only a major city, but also an important industrial and commercial base in north-eastern Jiangxi Province. Jingdezhen's GDP and local fiscal revenues are relatively low in Jiangxi Province, but the growth rate is very fast.
More than 30 ceramics historical ruins have been found in the city, such as the famous ancient ceramic material producing area of Kaolin, the ruin of Hutian ancient kiln and the ruin of the royal kilns in the Ming and Qing Dynasty.