Why Tengchong Volcano Park is special
The whole area around Tengchong is volcanic and geothermy, evident from the fantastic landscape of volcanoes and hot springs. Tengchong Volcano Park is not a popular attraction in China, but it is a must-go place in Tengchong.
There are altogether 97 volcanoes in Tengchong which is one of the four largest volcanic clusters in China. Most of the volcanoes there were formed in the Pliocene and Holocene periods, dating backing to 3.4 million years to 10,000 years ago. The cones of early volcanoes have undergone damage of weathering for thousands of years, so there are few volcanoes are visible today and some are dormant volcanoes.
Tengchong Volcano Park Highlights
Nicknamed a "natural volcanic geology museum", Tengchong Volcano Park is suited 23 km to the Tengchong County, Southwest Yunnan. The Volcanic Park covers two main areas, including the Large Crater Peak (Dakongshan in Chinese) and Small Crater Peak (Xiaokongshan). From the top you could get an excellent view of the surrounding area including the nearby volcanoes. It’s a short walk to the top of the Small Crater with a circuit around the rim. The Larger Crater is a more strenuous climb of steep stairs.
Be sure to visit the geology museum near the entrance to get a better understanding of how this area was formed.
The other area of the park included in the entrance ticket is a further 10 minute drive to an escarpment overlooking the Black Fish River. The cliff faces of this canyon are a combination of twisted columnar pillars. The river is later joined by azure blue water from an underground spring which makes for the most interesting of hikes.