Why is Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge special
As the first highway-railway bridge over the Yangtze River in Central China’s Hubei province, Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge is referred to as the First Bridge of the Yangtze. Completed in 1957, it is a double deck bridge connecting south and north across the river. The upper level of the bridge is a two-way, four-lane automobile highway. The lower level is a double-track railway on the Beijing-Guangzhou railway line.
Wuhan lies at the heart of Central China and is a transportation hub between the heartland in northern China and the trading ports in southern China. Yangtze River seemed an obstacle set by nature, separating the three towns of Wuhan. Moreover, it blocked the transportation between the north and the south China. Only ship can be used. However, the natural obstacle became accessible for various vehicles due to the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge.
Now, in Wuhan, there are already three grand bridges over the Yangtze River, which are Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge described above, the Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge established in 1995 and the Third Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge (Baishazhou Bridge) opened in 2000.
Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge Highlights
Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge extends from Turtle Hill in Hanyang, on the northern bank of the Yangtze, to Snake Hill in Wuchang, on the southern bank of the Yangtze. Plans for the bridge's construction were first made in 1910. A total of four exploratory surveys were made between 1913 and 1948 to identify a suitable site. Actual construction began in September 1955 and was completed in October 1957. The complete bridge is 1,670 meters long with the main body of 1,156 meters. It has 8 piers and 9 holes.
To fully view the splendid bridge and the magnificent river, you can climb up the 7-story bridge tower at either end of the bridge by elevator. The attached buildings and decorations are harmonious and exquisite, reflecting rich Chinese architectural features. The theme of sculptures on the 143 panes along each side of the bridge is from some Chinese folk stories such as the peacock showing its fine feathers, carp playing among lotus, a magpie singing on blossom tree. From the bridge, you can see the rolling water run to the east with ships coming and going; on the bank, Hubei TV Tower stands tall on Turtle Hill, while the first tower in southern China, the Yellow Crane Tower, stands on Snake Hill.