Located at the eastern part of China, Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province which is an important central city in eastern China. The central districts of Nanjing are situated on the southeastern bank of the Yangtze River, 260 kilometers west of Shanghai. Nanjing City has a total area of 6,598 square kilometers, with the population of about 5million.
The city proper comprises the area encircled by a gigantic wall constructed during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) and adjacent districts and outskirt suburbs. Nanjing city includes territory extending to the border of Anhui province on the north, west, and south and to the borders of Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, and Changzhou cities on the east.
Historically, it served seven times as the capital of regional empires, twice as the seat of revolutionary government, once as the site of a puppet regime in Sino-Japanese War, and twice as the capital of a united China. And importantly, Nanjing’s long history as a cultural centre is reflected in its many surviving monuments and buildings of historical significance, which tourists are welcomed to visit.