Liang Garden locates in Chancheng District of Foshan. It refers to the house of Liang Family in Foshan. Liang Garden is one of the four famous gardens in Lingnan area and reputed as a masterpiece. It covers an area of 2.1 hectares. It was initially built by the local four famous poets, including Liang Airu, Liang Jiuhua, Liang Jiuzhang and Liang Jiutu, during 1796-1850 of Qing Dynasty. The construction lasted for more than 40 years.
History of Liang Garden
By the end of Qing Dynasty, Liang Garden was almost destroyed. Considering its historical, artistic and ornamental value, the Foshan Government firstly started the renovation and protection project in 1982. In 1990, it was rated as the Provincial Key Cultural Relics Protection Unit. Later the government continued a more large-scale and comprehensive restoration work in 1994.
The art of Liang Garden
Liang Garden is a typical garden in Liangnan area of the Qing Dynasty. The house, ancestral hall and garden are connected together. The space of Lingnan-style garden has the dynamic changes. The landscape of the garden is elegant and natural, with the features of water towns.
The pavilions, stone mountains, stone passes, bridges, lingering lakes, and plants in the garden are designed in a unique layout. It is the exquisite and elegant architecture complex with dense trees, decorated with strange stones in various shapes. According to legend, there used to be more than 400 strange stones in Liang Garden. There is also a collection of the calligraphy works throughout the ages. The pursuit of literati's cultural life is vividly expressed, making the artworks memorable.
The buildings in Liang Garden, such as Buddha Hall, main mansion and ancestor hall are all the brick-wood structures, decorated with wood and brick carvings.
Hexiang Pavilion lies on the shore of the lake. Standing under the eaves of the pavilion and facing to the lake covered with lotuses, tourists would smell fragrant and feel intoxicating. The wooden-structure pavilion is four meters high. The door lintels and windows are decorated with wood carvings with the patterns in lotus leaves and lotus flowers. The patterns correspond to the lotus in the lake.
Covers an area of 2,000 square meters, the Qunxing Cottage was built by Liang Jiuhua. It is delicate, stylish and fascinating, completely combining the nature and the people.