Why is the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses special?
Nearly 2,200 years ago, eight-thousand life-sized terracotta warriors were created as guardians protecting the tomb of the first Qin emperor.
To bury an entire army of individual soldiers under the ground was unheard of in the world. This ancient phenomenon gave evidence to the world of the Chinese people's sophistication and rich cultural heritage.
It is no wonder that the former French Premier Jacques Shirac expressed amazement when he saw it, ' There are seven wonders in the world, and here is the 8th. One can't claim to have visited China unless one has seen these terracotta warriors.
Therefore, "The 8th wonder of the world" almost became another name of the Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses.
Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses Highlights
The warriors, amour-clad, holding long-shaft weapons, are probably the main body of the formation and represent the principal force. There are altogether 27 trial trenches. It is assumed that more than 6,000 clay warriors and horses could be unearthed from Pit No.1, most of which are infantrymen.
The pit is L-shaped and consists of four different mixed military forces in four arrays. It is estimated that there were over 1,000 pieces of pottery figures, 500 horse-drawn chariots and saddled horses. The pit is measured 6,000 square meters.
In Pit No.3 only one kind of weapon called "shu" were discovered, which had no blades and were believed to be used by the guards of honor.
Unearthed also in this pit were deer-horn and animal bones. This is probably the place where sacrificial offerings and war prayers were practiced. Judging by the layout of Pit No.3, it is most likely the headquarters directing the mighty underground army.