Emperor Qinshihuang was the first emperor in China's history. He was a great politician, leader who unified the country and exerted a far-reaching influence on the subsequent dynasties. He had the Great Wall along the frontiers with the Xiongnu, an ancient nationality in China. Interestingly, although Emperor Qinshihuang believed in eternity and he even ordered his ministers to seek for an elixir of immortality, shortly after his succeeding to his father's throne at the age of 13, the emperor began to build his huge mausoleum for enjoyment after death. The emperor died in 259 BC and was buried in the elaborately built mausoleum in Lishan.
Why the Mausoleum of Qinshihuang is special
Tomb of Qinshihuang stands at the foot of Mount Lishan, 30km east to Xi'an. The big tomb integrates with the peaks of Mt Lishan, offering unique landscape for sightseeing.
Mausoleum of Qinshihuang highlights
The construction of the mausoleum lasted 38 years. Modern surveys of the site show that the mausoleum is indeed divided into an inner city and outer city. According to historical record, the mausoleum covered 250000 sq. meters when it was firstly built up. It was 115m in height.
Unfortunately, because of erosion and man-made damage, the mausoleum currently remains only 120000 sq. meters at the bottom and 87 meters high. Around the mausoleum, there are lots of small tombs, which covers an area of 56.25 sq. km. In addition to the discovered Terracotta Warriors and Bronze Horses, there are more vaults containing other relics being discovered recently. As time goes by, it's bound to discover more relics.
Mausoleum of Qinshihuang also includes a Chinese history museum. There, you could get to know a lot of the history of Qinshihuang and his reign.