Why is Banpo Neolithic Museum special?
Banpo Neolithic Village Museum a typical Neolithic matriarchal community. Located in the east of Xi’an and inhabited from about 4500 B.C. to 3750 B.C., it was is the earliest example of Yangshao culture, a Neolithic culture settled along the Yellow River, and is named after the village where the first of these was discovered.
Inside the museum, which was built in 1958, there is the hall for ruins, the hall for cultural relics, and the clay cave ruins. The Banpo Lady Statue on the rock in the garden pond bears a physical resemblance to the early Banpo people.
Banpo Neolithic Museum Highlights
Neolithic Age Sites
The Banpo people lived in the Neolithic age and used technique of grinding, polishing and drilling with stone.
Among the unearthed pottery vessels, there are 113 painted symbols, which are believed to be the earliest dated Chinese characters. One pottery design, a fish with a human face, is regarded as a masterpiece. This design indicates Banpo people’s special bond with fish, and fish was most likely to be the totem of Banpo people.