Urumqi, capital of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, is located on the banks of the Urumqi River at the northern foot of Tianshan Mountain. Urumqi boasts well-developed transportation facilities. A complete transportation network has been built, principally consisting of 5 major railways, national highways and public buses, as well as one international airport.
Located 16.8 kilometers away from downtown Urumqi, Urumqi International Airport (also called Urumqi Diwopu International Airport) is the forth largest international aviation in China . Over 55 routes bound to large and medium-sized cities in China including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Haikou, Haerbin, Dalian, Qingdao, Jinan, Xian, Zhengzhou, Hangzhou, Chongqing, Wuhan, Chengdu, Kunming and Zhangjiajie and so on, have been opened.
Urumqi also offers flights from Almaty, Astana, Baku, Bishkek, Dushanbe, Islamabad, Istanbul, Kabul, Moscow (Sheremetyevo), Novosibirsk, Osh, Seoul (Incheon), Tashkent, and Tehran (Imam Khomeini). Xinjiang destinations include Aksu, Aletai, Hotan, Kashgar, Kuche, Tacheng and Yining.
There are two railway stations in Urumqi, the Urumqi Railway Station and the Urumqi Southern Station. Five major rail lines pass the city. The Lanzhou-Xinjiang Railway traverses Urumqi, linking with the Eurasian Land Bridge with direct reaches to the Amsterdam. There are express trains bound for Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other cities every day.
The Southern XinJiang Railway passes through the southern mountainous areas, desert and plains of Xinjiang, whose most important station is Urumqi. Besides, The Northern Railways, starting from Urumqi to the border between China and Kazakhstan with the total length of 460 kilometers, is a major part of the Eurasian Land Bridge.
You can travel to Urumqi from Beijing , Shanghan and other cities by train. It is about 34 hours from Beijing to Urumqi, and almost 43-44 hours from Shanghai. In fact, many tourists prefer to travel along the Silk Road from Lanzhou to Urumqi. It is just about 20-21 hours by the fastest trains.
Urumqi, as an important traffic hub, is crucial to the domestic transportation, which links other cities in Xinjiang together. For example, it is about 20 hours from Urumqi to Aksu, 10 hours to Alashankou and 7 hours to Kumul.
The highways of Urumqi extend to all directions. A huge transportation network has been formed, mainly consisting of many national highways such as No. G3012 and G30, supplemented by the roads at county and town levels. The highway at and above second-class level amount to more than 1250 km. China National Highway 314 (G314) runs southwest from Urumqi, Xinjiang towards Khunjerab Pass, which is the on the northern border of Pakistan and the Xinjiang Autonomous Region of China. It is 1948 kilometres in length. The G30 (Lianyungang–Khorgas Expressway), commonly referred to as the Lianhuo Expressway is an expressway that connects the cities of Lianyungang, Jiangsu, China, and Khorgas, Xinjiang, on the border with Kazakhstan.
It is very convenient to take a taxi in Urumqi and other major cities of Xinjiang Autonomous Region. The airport, railway stations, and many hotels and restaurants provide taxi service. The price is 6 CNY for the first three kilometers, about 1.3 CNY /km for the additional distance (3-9km) and about 1.6 CNY /km for the distance above 9 km.
Car rental companies in Urumqi offer various limousines, off-road and multi-purpose vehicles to meet needs of all kinds.