Situated at Jingsheng Town of Lingshi County, Wang Family Courtyard is a masterpiece of Chinese civil residence architecture of the Qing Dynasty. Covering a total area of 150,000 square meters, it is a luxurious residence built during 1762-1811 by the descendants of the Wang Family.
The architecture of the courtyard has a magnificent scale with five alleys, five forts, and five ancestral temples. Besides, the courtyard layout of the five ancient forts was respectively compared to designs of five lucky animals of "dragon, phoenix, tortoise, kylin and tiger".
The East Courtyard, informally called Gaojia Ya. It is a cluster of courtyards, each with its own kitchen yard and private school yard. In the middle sector are two main courtyards and Beiwei Yard. In front of the main yards is a long alleyway. To the northeast is a small side-yard while in the southwest there is a large side-yard.
The West Courtyard is informally called Hongmen Bao. Hongmen Bao means Red Gate Castle, taking its name from the only red gate facing the main street. The castle is 105 meters wide and 180 meters long, presenting in the shape of a regular rectangle. The main street divides the whole courtyard into two main areas. Three alleys of west-east direction cross with the main street, thus presenting the Chinese character 'Wang'.
The Painting and Calligraphy Hall displays hundreds of excellent works while Treasure Hall contains collections of furnishings, old coins, porcelains, rare stones and jade carvings. Both displays are open to the public.
Opening hours: 8:00-19:30 (Spring and Summer)；8:00-18:00 (Autumn and Winter)
Ticket price: 66 CNY
Recommended visit time: 1-2 hours
1. Wang Family Compound is about 35 km from Pingyao Ancient Town. There are two direct buses departing from Pingyao to Wang Family Compound, respectively at 7:10 and 13:20. Buses from Wang Family Compound to Pingyao departing at 11:00 and 16:30
2. Or you could take regular buses from Pingyao Bus Station to Jiexiu (about 40 minutes, 15 yuan) and change another bus from Jiexiu to Wang Family Compound (about 40 minutes, 5 yuan).